From 6 April 2023, Making Tax Digital (MTD) initiative is being expanded to include businesses and landlords with a combined total gross income over £10,000 per annum, from the following sources:
- Income from self-employment
- Income from partnership
- Income from UK property
- Income from overseas property
However, there are exceptions, including:
- Trusts, estates, trustees of registered pension schemes and non-resident companies
- Partnerships that have corporate partners and Limited Liability Partnerships are not required to join MTD for Income Tax in April 2023 but will be required to join MTD at a future date.
Under these changes, you will be required to keep digital business records of all your business income and expenses, including income from self-employment or property, at a transaction level.
You will then be required to use MTD compatible software to send updates to HMRC every quarter.
This will mean that there will now be five ‘returns’ a year instead of just one self-assessment tax return.
The deadline for quarterly summary tax information must be with HMRC one month following the quarter-end.
At the end of the tax year, there will then be a final declaration made to HMRC to include details of all other income and any accounting adjustments.
You must submit your final declaration and pay the tax you owe by 31 January the following tax year.
Making Tax Digital for Corporation Tax
A consultation is currently being carried out by HMRC to explore how the core principles of MTD can be applied to Corporation Tax (CT).
Within the consultation document, HMRC made it clear that MTD for CT is a means of tackling the underpayment of tax, especially amongst smaller businesses, where HMRC believes these are significant issues with errors.
The tax authority has indicated that as much as £2.1billion of the tax gap relates to CT.
Along similar lines to the existing MTD for VAT system, the proposals put forward a process that would require companies to maintain their records digitally and the submission of quarterly updates and a year-end tax return using MTD compatible software.
These quarterly submissions will focus on accounting data, with the option of including indicative changes to tax treatment. However, the usual annual tax return will be retained to allow HMRC to take a final decision on tax treatment.
These changes, if implemented, will affect the majority of businesses. Under the current proposals, it will be necessary to link accounting data directly to the tax return submission for all businesses.
HMRC has indicated that it intends to hold a voluntary pilot from April 2024 to test the effectiveness of the system, before rolling it out more widely by 2026 at the earliest.
It is important that businesses prepare themselves for future changes and that VAT-registered businesses continue to comply with the current digital tax rules.
This includes using the correct online accounting software and processes that are compliant with the ever-changing MTD regime.
Business owners need to be aware that HMRC’s so-called ‘soft landing’ period for Making Tax Digital (MTD) came to an end recently.
When MTD first came into force in 2019, HMRC allowed businesses additional time to put in place digital links.
The soft landing was due to come to an end in April 2020 but was extended to April 2021 as a result of Covid-19.
From now on, HMRC will issue penalties for not keeping complete and ‘adequate’ digital records for VAT returns each quarter – which means that copying and pasting data from a spreadsheet is no longer sufficient in most cases.
From 1 April 2022, MTD will also apply to all VAT registered businesses for their VAT obligations, including those that are voluntarily registered with a taxable turnover below the VAT threshold (£85,000).
Need further advice?
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If you would like help preparing for MTD or are struggling with the complexities of the current VAT regime, please contact us.